This is wallpaper from Tudor England. It used to decorate the inside of a box holding legal papers, and survived because the contents of the box were deemed important and catalogued, while the unimportant box was left behind.
The wallpaper was made by a process called block printing. First the pattern was carved onto blocks of wood. Then the design was printed on the paper over and over by hand. This piece of wallpaper displays the Royal Arms and badges, the emblem of St George, Tudor Roses and grotesques